It’s made up of over 100 billion neurons packed into squishy folds with the consistency of tofu. At just three pounds, it barely tips the scales ahead of a pineapple. Despite its frequent use and necessity for life, the brain is a thick, mysterious forest, with a standard theory yet to come on brain function.


The frontal lobe is the valedictorian of learning. It manages everything from organization to problem-solving, judgment to personality in order to create high-level thinking.


Broca’s area is responsible for fluent speech, located in the left frontal lobe.


The parietal lobe is like the hands and fingers of the brain. It processes information about pain, pressure and touch, as well as housing areas for math and language.


The temporal lobe may as well pick up and go to a liberal arts college with the wide variety of skills it handles. It’s responsible for musical abilities, foreign languages, hearing and speech.


The hippocampus is located within the temporal lobe and it’s largely responsible for memory.


As the “eyes in the back of your head,” the occipital lobe is responsible for visual perception and color recognition.


The cerebellum coordinates voluntary movement, balance, and memory for reflex motor acts.


The brain stem is the basic of all basics. This guy keeps breathing, heartbeat and blood pressure large and in charge.

Late
bloomer

Located behind your forehead, the frontal lobe is the last region to fully develop (finished in the mid-20s) and the first to decline with age.

Like the way
you work it

After 40 sessions of brain training, childhood cancer survivors showed an increase in processing speed, cognitive flexibility and memory recall.


Fragile:
handle with care

An injury to this area of the brain can cause loss of speech or repeated words. One patient with a lesion in this area could only produce one word: “tan.”

Cat got
your tongue?

Upon subjecting volunteers to a short, harmless magnetic pulse to this area of their brain, they were momentarily unable to speak.


Brainy
bilinguals

People who are bilingual have a larger left parietal cortex than speakers of only one language.

Einstein’s
wide load

Albert Einstein’s parietal lobe was about 15% wider than average. This might be one of the reasons he was so good at math.


The
delegator

The occipital lobes of the blind rewire themselves to heighten other senses like touch or hearing.

Mind’s eye

This part of the brain is activated when blind people read Braille, although they are not visually seeing the words.

Imagination
station

The occipital lobe is highly engaged when reading a book with no pictures. We can visualize scenes we’ve never actually witnessed.


B#

Professional musicians have a higher rate of gray matter volume in the temporal lobe than non-musicians.

Voices in
your head

When schizophrenics “hear voices,” there is often abnormal activity noted in this area of the brain.


The unsuspecting
genius

A London taxi driver has an exceptionally large hippocampus, because complex spatial information is stored here (such as a spiderweb of roads).

Where’d I put
my keys?

The first place affected by Alzheimer’s disease is the hippocampus, rendering the ability to make new memories nearly impossible for those with the disease.


Power pack

The cerebellum has more neurons than the rest of the brain put together.


Power pack

The cerebellum has more neurons than the rest of the brain put together.

A well-oiled
dancin’ machine

Make sure this one is tuned up before attending that campus-wide Zumba class.


Never leave
home without it

If the brain stem is damaged, people may lapse into a coma or die because this area is so essential for survival.

The piano
lesson reverb

The auditory brain stem response is more robust in those with musical training, even if lessons ended years ago.


Our Sources

tauedu.orgsharpbrains.comnews.aaas.orgbiau.orgpsychologytoday.comnytimes.com[1]bbc.co.uksciencedaily.comatlantaaphasia.orgwell.blogs.nytimes.comlumosity.comsciencedaily.comnytimes.com[2]psycheducation.orgwww.dpag.ox.ac.uk



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